More common in adults, gingivitis and periodontitis are oral diseases that can also affect children. Thus, dentists reinforce the need for prevention from the first year of babies to try to prevent the development of these diseases.
Despite being rare in children, a new study on periodontitis conducted at the State University of Campinas (Unicamp) and published in Scientific Reports found that parents with the disease can transmit the bacteria that cause oral infection to their children.
The study compared parents with and without periodontitis. In some children, in which their parents had the disease, bacteria causing the infection were found early. However, according to the research, inheriting these microorganisms does not mean that children will develop the disease in childhood or adulthood.
Gingivitis is an inflammation that causes swelling, redness of the gums and bad breath. Bleeding when brushing or flossing are also characteristic of the disease, which is related to poor oral hygiene and the build-up of plaque.
According to dental surgeon Sérgio Kahn, taking the correct hygiene care from early childhood is essential to prevent the disease.
– Using a quality toothbrush in children, flossing and visiting the pediatric dentist regularly are essential to avoid developing this type of inflammation – says Kahn.
He points out that poorly treated gingivitis can lead to the development of periodontitis. However, not everyone is susceptible to the disease, many cases can be left only in gingivitis.
More aggressive, periodontitis has similar symptoms, such as swelling, bleeding gums and bad breath, but it can lead to loss of bone tissue and even loss of teeth. If the bacteria that trigger periodontitis fall into the bloodstream, other serious infections in the body can be generated.
But, even with the correct oral hygiene, these colonies of bacteria can remain in the children’s body, which requires greater care to work on prevention. Therefore, parents should be attentive to the signs and seek specialized help for an early diagnosis of the disease and be able to control any complications.
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