The traditional Easter celebration with eggs and chocolate candies can improve the protection of our health in this pandemic. That’s because, studies at Harvard University show that one of the properties of chocolate is to improve circulation by stimulating the production of nitric acid and containing polyphenols that keep our arteries flexible, in addition to lowering the bad cholesterol that forms plaques in our bloodstream. Our eyes have arteries more final than a hair. That is why scientists say that dark or semi-bitter chocolate with at least 60% cocoa is good for the eyes.
According to the ophthalmologist, Lencio Queiroz Neto, from the Penido Burnier Institute does not mean that you can overdo consumption. The difference between poison and dose remedy, he points out. Four squares / day, or 70% grams is ideal for you to include chocolate in your food and your body will be left with the good part of the delicacy.The doctor points out that the minimum concentration of 60% of cocoa guarantees high concentration of polyphenols and maintains the flexibility of the arteries. “This improves the whole circulation, including the retina, he explains. The result is a decrease in the risk of AMD (Age Related Macular Degeneration) and cardiovascular diseases.
To have an idea of the impact on health, Queiroz Neto says that today AMD affects 3 million Brazilians over 65 years old and is pointed out by WHO (World Health Organization) as the biggest global cause of irreversible blindness. The warning sign of this disease is seeing tortuosity in straight lines, he stresses.
Therefore, for people over 65 years of age, it is recommended to do a simple test, fixing one eye and then the other in a door frame. If you see the sinuous outline you should see an ophthalmologist immediately. The loss of vision due to macular degeneration, he explains, is caused in 90% of cases by the rupture of new vessels that form in the retina. The application of laser to dry these new vessels and intravitreal injections by the ophthalmologist can prevent blindness.
Preveno da catarata
The expert says that cocoa is also rich in flavonoids, a potent antioxidant that fights the formation of free radicals and postpones the formation of cataracts, opacifying the lens that despite being treatable accounts for almost half of blindness in Brazil. Our organism, he comments, produces free radicals all the time. Therefore, there is no way to avoid cataracts. But if we use a mechanism that eliminates them, we avoid the early degeneration of the cells. When a cataract forms, there is no medicine that will return the lens to the eye. The only treatment is surgery in which the lens, the natural lens of the eye, is replaced by an intraocular lens to prevent loss of vision.
Risk of diabetic retinopathy falls, says research
Queiroz Neto points out that the result of an Italian study carried out at the University of LAquilia with type 2 diabetes, showed that the consumption of a dark chocolate bar / day decreased by almost 30%. the insulin resistance developed by the cells of those who have the disease. It means that food also prevents diabetic retinopathy in people who have lived with type 2 diabetes for more than 10 years. The sign of retinopathy is the formation of spots in vision. This happens due to the accumulation of blood glucose in the bloodstream that obstructs the retinal vessels and leads to the formation of new vessels. The treatment is similar to that of macular degeneration – laser application and antiangiogenic injections.
The specialist points out that genetic differences, metabolism, absorption capacity and other factors make people react differently to the same food. Still, he concludes, proof of the properties of cocoa suggests that chocolate can work as an ally in eye health.Redao Bonde with Press Office
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