Credit: Tomaz Silva / Agência Brasil
The Directorate of Epidemiological Surveillance (DIVE) confirmed the first death from yellow fever in Santa Catarina that year. The 34-year-old man was a resident of Águas Mornas, in Greater Florianópolis. The patient did not have a vaccine record in the Information System of the National Immunization Program (SIPNI).
Another three human cases of yellow fever have already been confirmed in the state this year. The first case, recorded in January, was of a 40-year-old resident of Taió, in the Alto Vale do Itajaí region. The second was confirmed in March, being of a 62 year old man, resident of Águas Mornas, in Greater Florianópolis. The third, a 46-year-old man, resident of the municipality of Anitápolis, also in Greater Florianópolis.
DIVE / SC is still awaiting the results of laboratory tests of other suspected cases, notified by the municipalities of Lages and São Bonifácio.
With regard to epizootic diseases (death or illness of monkeys), the state has already received notification of 430 dead or sick non-human primates, with 111 confirmed for yellow fever. Another 33 epidemics (death or illness of monkeys) are still under investigation to determine the cause of death. Detailed information can be viewed in the report.
The DIVE zoonoses team carried out on Wednesday (7) technical visits in the municipalities of Águas Mornas and São Bonifácio to discuss the epidemiological scenario, preventive measures and clinical management of the disease with the municipal teams.
In the coming days, training will be held with the cities of Greater Florianópolis to discuss the clinical management of patients with suspected disease, as has been done in other regions of the state in previous years.
In addition, due to the current scenario in Santa Catarina, DIVE / SC reinforces the importance of vaccination against yellow fever, the best way to prevent the disease.
“All SC residents over nine months old should be immunized. Municipal teams with epizootic records need to actively search for unvaccinated people, especially in rural or wild areas. The vaccine is free and available at health centers ”, says Ariele Schiessl Fialho, immunization manager at the Board.
Yellow fever is an acute febrile infectious disease. In the wild, mosquitoes of the genera Haemagogus and Sabethes transmit the virus. In the urban cycle, the virus is transmitted to man by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Brazil has not registered urban yellow fever since 1942.
Monkeys, who live in the same wild environment as mosquitoes, are the first victims of the disease. “And it is for this reason that it is important for the population to report to the Municipal Health Secretariat when they find a dead or sick monkey. This helps us to monitor the circulation of the virus across the state, ”explains Renata Gatti, a biologist and coordinator of the Yellow Fever Surveillance Program in SC.
The main symptoms of the disease are: abrupt onset of fever, chills, severe headache, back and body pain, nausea and vomiting, weakness and tiredness, abdominal pain and jaundice (yellowish skin).
“When presenting any signs or symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. It is also important to report in attendance if you are a resident of the forest edge or if you have carried out any activity in the forest in the last few days and if you do not have the dose of the vaccine ”, warns João Fuck, director of DIVE / SC.
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