Between January and March this year, hospitalizations and deaths of elderly people over 80 years decreased. According to a survey by the Secretariat for Health Surveillance (SVS), of the State Department of Health (SES), the reductions related to the period reach 49% in hospitalizations and 44% in deaths resulting from Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SRAG) of patients older than 90 years.
In relation to elderly people over 80 years, falls are 22% for deaths and 33% for hospitalization. The comparison was made between the months of January and March, considering the epidemiological weeks 01 to 04 (03 to 01/30), and 09 to 12 (02/28 to 03/27). The main hypothesis is that the start of vaccination for this age group has caused the reduction.
“Since the first batch of vaccines that arrived in our state, the Department of Health did not measure efforts so that, in a fast way, the doses were sent to the municipalities. Our entire logistical operation is done thinking about the result, in the end, in the life of each citizen. Seeing this reduction in deaths and hospitalizations, with just over two months of vaccination, associated with other measures, gives us hope for the reversal of the current epidemic scenario ”- said the Secretary of State for Health, Carlos Alberto Chaves.
To date, 329,062 elderly people aged 80 and over have been vaccinated in the state of Rio de Janeiro. In all, until the morning of Monday (05/04), 1,316,104 people were vaccinated, and 374,909 have already received the second dose. The expectation is that in the coming days a new shipment of vaccines will be delivered by the Ministry of Health.
“Even though the numbers are positive, we continue to analyze the data recorded to substantiate the effective results of the vaccination. In addition, we emphasize that the pandemic continues and the measures of restrictions and prevention must continue to be followed, such as the mandatory use of a mask, frequent hand hygiene and social distance. We need to continue evaluating this data so that we have more and more accurate reports ”- underscores the undersecretary of Health Surveillance, Cláudia Mello.
Monitoring of variants
Last week, the State Department of Health started one of the largest sequencing of Covid-19 variants in the country. The study has an investment of R $ 1.2 million and will analyze 4,800 samples in the next six months, with the objective of monitoring the evolution of Covid-19 variants, improving epidemiological actions and enabling the early expansion of the number of beds and measures restrictive, in addition to identifying the incidence of new strains in the population of Rio de Janeiro.
The study, which seeks to understand more about the changes suffered by SARS-CoV-2, will analyze 400 samples every 15 days. Currently, it is in the phase of purchasing inputs and separating samples. The goal is for the first viruses to be sequenced in the second half of April.
Financed by the Research Support Foundation of the State of Rio de Janeiro (Faperj) – with a R $ 1.2 million resource – the initiative that has the SES undersecretary of Health Surveillance, Cláudia Mello, also has the partnership the National Laboratory for Scientific Computing (LNCC), the Laboratory of Molecular Virology at UFRJ, Lacen, Fiocruz and the Municipal Health Secretariat of Rio.
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