The “second wave” of the pandemic hit Belo Horizonte’s 487 neighborhoods in different ways. While six of them – some of the smallest and least populous – still have no confirmed cases of Covid-19, the number of deaths has doubled or more in 52 locations in the capital since the turn of the year (see the interactive chart below).
In absolute numbers, the neighborhoods with the most residents killed by the coronavirus throughout the pandemic are: Serra (53), Alto Vera Cruz (46), Lindéia (43), Cabana do Pai Tomás and Padre Eustáquio (38), Sagrada Família (37) and Mantiqueira (34).
Proportionately, however, some areas have been most severely affected by the recent worsening of the health crisis. In Jardim Felicidade (North region), for example, 11 people died between January and March alone, a number close to that recorded throughout last year, when 12 residents had lost the fight against the disease.
Similar situations were observed in the Glória neighborhood (Northwest region), where the total number of victims doubled in the last three months, from eight in December to 16 in March, or in Teixeira Dias (Barreiro), with a jump from four to 11 deaths in the period .
In isolation, these numbers may seem small. Together, however, they represent a 72% increase in the total number of deaths confirmed by Covid-19 in Belo Horizonte as of January. The capital counted 1,877 victims until the turn of the year, and by the end of March it was already regretting 3,224 losses caused by the disease, according to the City Hall’s epidemiological bulletins.
According to data from the National Association of Natural Personnel Registrars (Arpen-Brasil), deaths by Covid-19 registered at the Civil Registry Offices represent one-third of the total residents of the capital of Minas Gerais who died from all causes, natural or not, in 2021.
So far, only six “dwarf” neighborhoods in Belo Horizonte have had no confirmed cases of the disease among their residents: Laranjeiras and Nova América (Venda Nova), Lorena (Northwest), Mala and Cuia (Center-South), Mirtes (Northeast) ) and Vila da Área (East).
Mortality and incidence
Taking into account the estimated population, it can be concluded that the neighborhoods most affected by the pandemic so far are Ermelinda, Estrela do Oriente, Jardim Alvorada, Serra and São Francisco, with mortality rates above 250 per 100 thousand inhabitants.
In this second wave, considering only the numbers for 2021, the situation is more serious in the Barroca, Taquaril, Teixeira Dias, Estrela do Oriente, Granja de Freitas, California and Barro Preto neighborhoods, with projected rates of between 80 and 120 deaths a every 100,000 people since January.
The highest incidences of positive diagnoses for Covid-19 are found in the Estrela do Oriente, Castelo, Belvedere, Paquetá, Barreiro, Estoril, Buritis and Fernão Dias neighborhoods, with between 5,000 and 6,000 confirmed cases per 100,000 residents since the beginning of the pandemic.
Some of these locations appear at the top of the ranking precisely because of this year’s numbers. Estrela do Oriente, Castelo, Estoril, Barro Preto, Buritis, Paquetá and Fernão Dias are among the neighborhoods with the highest recent rates of new cases, above 4,000 per 100,000 inhabitants from January to the present.
This analysis was carried out by O TEMPO with data from the City Hall and IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). It considers neighborhoods with at least 3 thousand inhabitants, with the objective of eliminating very different values due to the small number of residents. Disregarding this criterion, just to give you an idea, the biggest deaths would be those in the neighborhoods Maravilha, Vila Nova Cachoeirinha II and Bacurau, even with only one victim each.
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