Brazil has about 14 million unemployed. Almost 40 million Brazilians live in extreme poverty, with less than R $ 89 per month per person for the family’s survival.
Deaths before the covid-19 increased from 337 thousand on Wednesday (7), with 13.1 million people sick.
Despite this, the Jair Bolsonaro government failed to spend R $ 80 billion in resources to combat the new coronavirus pandemic. Of this total, R $ 28.9 billion was approved for the payment of emergency aid in 2020.
A survey carried out by the Institute for Socioeconomic Studies (Inesc) points out that 9% of the R $ 322 billion budget authorized for the payment of this benefit remains.
Last year, five installments of R $ 600 were paid to around 66 million Brazilians. The program, which ended in 2020, is only being resumed now, in April, and with much lower values reaching fewer citizens.
The data compiled by Inesc are part of the study A country suffocated – Balance of the General Budget of the Union 2020 and they are based on information from the National Treasury that shows how much Bolsonaro left to spend to fight the pandemic.
From the budget of R $ 604.7 billion authorized for the direct combat of the effects of the pandemic in 2020, the Bolsonaro government stopped spending R $ 80.7 billion.
This represents 13.3% of the total resources that could have been used to save lives. Most of them correspond to emergency aid.
Second are values that the federal government could have transferred to states, municipalities and the Federal District to work against the covid-19. Of the authorized total of R $ 79.19 billion, Bolsonaro has stopped spending R $ 890 million, which can represent thousands of lives lost.
“The government had an obligation to spend the maximum resources available to protect the population. But what we saw was sabotage, inefficiency and slowness in financing essential public policies to survive the crisis ”, criticizes Inesc’s Livi Gerbase.
For the sanitary doctor Lúcia Souto, president of the Brazilian Center for Health Studies (Cebes), the government of President Jair Bolsonaro transformed Brazil into an extermination field.
“Brazil has 3% of the world population. However, 33% of daily deaths due to covid-19 are registered in the country, which is a great disproportion ”, he says.
“It is a consequence of the lack of national coordination of the pandemic, which is premeditated. There is no financial aid to vulnerable populations, who are already facing unemployment, hunger and disease in the face of a clear deepening of inequality. So much so that it is among the poor that covid-19 takes the most victims, ”he said in an interview with RBA.
Inesc makes some recommendations to the federal government regarding the worsening of the pandemic. One of them is the decree of the state of public calamity and the return of the War Budget, which allowed extraordinary spending in 2020.
Also the resumption of emergency aid in installments of R $ 600, as charged by the parliamentarians of the opposition to the Bolsonaro government. Inesc also suggests that the federal government establish an emergency floor of R $ 168.7 billion for the health area. And repeal the spending ceiling, which freezes public spending.
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