The data, sent by the Special Welfare and Labor Secretariat at the request of the G1, show a change in the scenario of job creation in the country. This salary range was one of the few that had maintained a positive balance in previous years.
In 2018 and 2019, the range of 0.51 to 1 minimum wage was among those that created the most vacancies: a total of 334,876 in the two years. The 1.01 to 1.5 minimum wage has been leading the creation of vacancies in recent years. And last year it was the only one that created jobs, along with that of 1.51 to 2 minimum wages.
The range of up to 0.5 minimum wages, which had a positive balance in previous years, also closed in 2020. See the chart below:
Balance of vacancies per salary – Photo: Economy G1
Already in the first two months of this year, all salary ranges had a positive balance of vacancies, with emphasis on those between 1.01 and 1.5; and between 1.51 and 2 minimum wages.
In the first two months of 2021, 659,780 formal jobs were created, while in 2020, there were 142,690. The methodology, however, undermines this comparison, as the research was changed from last year.
Brazil opens 142,000 formal jobs in 2020, says Caged
Less educated, older and women are more affected
The biggest closing of vacancies in 2020 was among the lowest levels of education, with the exception of the illiterate, who had a positive balance.
The highest balance of vacancies in 2020 was among professionals with complete secondary education and incomplete higher education. Unemployment has even affected higher education professionals. See the chart below:
Balance of vacancies by level of education – Photo: Economy G1
In the first two months of 2021, all educational levels had a positive balance of vacancies, with the exception of the illiterate. Again, the complete middle level leads the balance of vacancies. See below:
- Complete high school: 419,474
- Complete superior: 70,637
- Incomplete high school: 56,201
- Complete Fundamental: 49,013
- Incomplete elementary: 36,910
- Incomplete higher education: 27,759
- Illiterate: -214 vacancies
Last year, women were more affected by unemployment than men. For them, 107,018 vacancies were closed. For men, 202,635 jobs were created.
In January and February this year, the number of vacancies with a formal contract for women is much lower in relation to men. While 391,190 vacancies were opened for men, 268,590 for women.
Regarding the age group, professionals from 50 to 64 years old were the most affected in 2020 – there were 431,901 vacancies closed. The positive balance of vacancies was for ages up to 29 years old, with emphasis on those between 18 and 24 years old. See below:
Balance of vacancies by age group – Photo: Economy G1
In the first two months of 2021, the only age group that closed vacancies was over 65 years. And again, young people were the ones who had the most opportunities created. See below:
- 18 to 24 years: 268,404
- 30 to 39 years: 145,479
- 25 to 29 years: 107,183
- 40 to 49 years: 92,281
- up to 17 years: 42,108
- 50 to 64 years: 15,048
- 65 or more: -10,723
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