posted on 01/04/2021 06:00
Marcos José is the manager of a barber shop in Taguatinga and lost 70% of his clients last year, when non-essential activities were suspended – (credit: Photos: Ed Alves / CB / DA Press)
The Federal Regional Court of the 1st Region (TRF-1) accepted an appeal filed by the Government of the Federal District (GDF) against the decision that prohibited the reopening of businesses, keeping the non-essential activities released. As a result, the March 19 decree, which authorized the operation of establishments such as restaurants, bars and shopping malls, with specific hours and reduced hours (read Rules). The activities are maintained at the moment when the DF registers overcrowding in intensive care units (ICUs) and records in the number of deaths registered in 24 hours. On Wednesday (3/31), the Secretariat of Health (SES-DF) recorded 117 more victims.
In the most recent decision, the federal judge Ângela Catão understood that the Judiciary cannot interfere in the administrative issues of the Federal District. The justification supported similar decisions in the past, mainly in relation to the flexibility of activities in the pandemic. The Federal Public Defender’s Office (DPU), which filed a public civil action against the reopening, reported that, until Wednesday (3/31) at night, it had not received a subpoena on the new determination of the Justice. After having access to the GDF’s arguments, the institution will assess whether it is appropriate to appeal.
Before the TRF-1 decision came out, traders were concerned that they might close their doors again. Marcos José dos Santos, 41, is the manager of a barber shop in Taguatinga and said that closing the trade would totally harm the self-employed. “We don’t have a formal contract, and that makes our job very difficult. At the closing (previous), we stayed at home, without earning our food, our daily bread, and that is very bad ”, he lamented. He added that he lost more than 70% of customers due to the covid-19 pandemic.
The president of the Federal Trade Union of the Federal District (Sindivarejista), Edson de Castro, said that he did not expect Tuesday’s court order (3/30). “Everyone was taken aback, nobody was believing it,” he commented. For him, if the closure remained, a reformulation would be necessary: “The only way to balance it would be with a real lockdown, which would not have a subway or bus running, forcing people to stay at home”, he said.
Edson de Castro estimates that about 750 companies closed during the restrictions phase last year. This month, there were more than 200 establishments, which would have led to an 80% drop in sales in the federal capital. For him, with stricter inspections, it would be possible to keep trade open, but getting to that point would be a challenge. “We have several administrative regions here. How will the government monitor this? It ends up going a lot on the conscience of each person ”, pondered the union president.
João Victor Garcia, 33, owner of a stationery shop in Ceilândia, explained that, from the business point of view, he was concerned about the store’s employees. “They depend on employment to support families,” he commented. In the first and current closing, the establishment had layoffs and even lost 80% of sales. “Our company is a daily investment. Just working, there is a certain amount of payments that we have to make. Without opening it, we are left with no perspective, no chance to make calculations, to replace goods, pay salaries and everything else ”, he says.
03/31/2021. Brazil. Brasilia DF. Cities. Opens and closes in trade in Brasilia. Governor says it can open, but Justice orders it to close. In the picture Joao Victor Garcia. Stationery in the Center of Ceilandia.
Ed Alves/CB/D.A Press
The president of the Federation of Commerce of Goods, Services and Tourism of the Federal District (Fecomércio-DF), José Aparecido Freire, considered the decision to close the stores “without reason”. “We have Easter on Sunday. The stores that sell chocolate, eggs and placed orders (for the holiday) are stocked to sell until then. This date is only once a year. If they don’t sell now, only next year. It was an unreasonable decision. Whoever has to decide whether to open or close is the Executive, ”said José Aparecido.
The president of Fecomércio-DF reinforced that the sector is not to blame for the current situation of the pandemic in the Federal District: “You can go to any commercial establishment, to the mall. All health standards, such as temperature measurement, (maintenance of) distance, use of a mask have been followed ”, stated José Aparecido. “We have to be concerned with the health of the population, but also with that of companies and jobs. Businesses are dying, in a situation of calamity, and businessmen, with loans falling due, unable to pay rent and employees, “he added.
In relation to bars and restaurants, which demanded the extension of opening hours determined by the local Executive, the restrictions would result in instability for the sector. “This interplay between the executive and the judiciary brings great damage,” said Jael Antônio da Silva, president of the Brasilia Hotels, Restaurants, Bars and Similars Union (Sindhobar). For him, if Governor Ibaneis Rocha (MDB) had not filed an appeal against the court decision, the union would have appealed.
Jael Silva added that the solution is to keep the establishments open and increase inspection and sanctions for those who do not comply with the rules. “We are responsible for health procedures and protocols. Whoever is not complying must be punished. The law is there for that. Clandestine parties and crowded bars are a minority when compared to the sector. In such cases, it is necessary to permanently close these places and apply a fine ”, demands the president of Sindhobar.
José Carlos Vieira collaborated
Check out how the activities in the Federal District are like:
Gyms – from 6am to 9pm
Street shopping – from 11am to 8pm
Recreational clubs – from 6 am to 9 pm
Bars and restaurants – from 11am to 7pm
Travel agencies – from 10 am to 7 pm
Cults, masses and rituals – no predetermined schedule
Collective cinema and theater activities – without restriction
Parking or drive-in events – unrestricted
Shopping centers and shopping centers – from 1 pm to 9 pm
Beauty salons, barber shops, nail polishes and beauty centers – from 10 am to 7 pm
Hospitals, pharmacies, funeral homes, gas stations, medical and veterinary clinics – 24 hours
Supermarkets, wholesalers, mini-markets, grocery stores and the like – time defined in permit
Private schools, colleges and universities – hours defined in alvará
With practically all the vacancies occupied in the public and private networks, in addition to waiting lines for a bed, the Health of the Federal District faces a situation of collapse. In an attempt to increase the service capacity, the local Executive announced the opening of three field hospitals, with 100 places in intensive care units (ICUs), each. They will be in Ceilândia, in the central area of Brasilia and in Gama. On Wednesday (3/31), the Government of the Federal District (GDF) informed that it accelerated the works and, therefore, it must deliver the ones that will be installed at the Nelson Piquet International Racetrack and at the Parque Anísio Teixeira School on April 9th. What will be left at the Gama Olympic Center should be ready last.
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