it is necessary to speak of children. As strange as it may seem when the demand for vaccine The superior ability to offer, talking about children does not seem to be an emergency task. But .
Scientists know that there is no way to have a control collective disease without considering that, at a certain moment, children enter the group of those who have to be vaccinated. The pharmaceutical industries, responsible for the development of vaccines, are advancing in research related to this age group. The first to announce the tests was Pfizer, aged 12 to 15.
It seems ironic to talk about it in the Brazil, country that did not articulate It is an efficient vaccination strategy and there is no provision for full access to vaccines for adults and the elderly, talking about children seems a long way off. But, it is necessary that they become the next frontier of vaccination.
A tit does not clearly know what factors are preventing children from developing severe symptoms of COVID-19, being mostly asymptomatic.
However, they are potential transmitters of the disease and the more the virus circulates the greater the chances of developing variants more resistant and lethal.
The number of cases of infected children, according to the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, corresponding to the first quarter of 2020 compared to the first quarter of 2021 (when we reach or maximum the worsening of pandemic in the country) indicates that the number of infected people in this age group was reduced, fortunately, and with that mortality in the first years of life.
Some might then question why there is a need to vaccinate them. Scientific studies, still in the initial phase, reveal that there are possibilities for children who contract COVID-19 to develop long-term persistent symptoms (fatigue, muscle and joint pain, headache, insomnia, breathing problems and palpitations), as occurs with adults .
However, the most serious scenario that prevents the need to vaccinate all children in the near future is that the virus can continue to spread, with increasingly potent variants that make the target children easier for these new mutations. Brazil, traditionally, probably has the broadest program of vaccination aimed at the children of the world.
We are a positive global reference in this regard. The negation of the beneficial effects of vaccines, which is increasing, unfortunately, among certain portions of the Brazilian population, turns on the light of concern in all spheres associated with the others disease. But, that is another discussion. Let us return to the initial objective of this “dialogue”.
Scientists believe that a collective immunity Efficiently covers 70% to 85% of the population, which would need to be vaccinated or immune to the virus to reach the point of satisfactory disease control. This may be the magic point of collective immunity.
As in Brazil, the total number of children aged 0 to 12 years, according to data from the IBGE in 2018, totals 35.5 million, which corresponds to 17% of the Brazilian population. etria so that we can have real success in controlling the pandemic.
In returning to normal, this may never be achieved by previous standards, and at that moment it should be avoided (the attempt to return to normality that explains the current scenario of the pandemic in the country). Long-term disease control is a fundamental condition. So it is necessary to think about the children!
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