The penalty for those convicted is six months to two years in prison, but can reach 3 years with aggravating factors, such as crimes against women. There is also the provision of a fine against the offender.
The law came into force after its publication in the Official Gazette this Thursday (1st). The bill passed the Senate on March 9 by unanimous decision at a session devoted to the women’s agenda in tribute to International Women’s Day.
The author of the project, Senator Leila Barros (PSB-DF), told the G1 that “many times, these crimes appear online and gradually migrate to physical persecution. Persistent attempts at rapprochement, repeated sending of messages and ‘casual’ appearances in the places frequented by the victim are some of the examples that cause serious inconveniences to the victims (…). With the new legislation we will now be able to accurately measure the cases that exist in Brazil and that the criminals do not go unpunished as it was happening. ”
Popularly known as “stalking”, the act now defined by law consists of follow someone repeatedly and by any means, threatening physical or psychological integrity of the victim or invading their freedom or privacy.
The practice is best known in digital media, but the law provides convictions for anyone committing the crime in any medium, whether digital or physical.
The text also says it will be framed in the crime who restrict the ability to move around of the victim.
Before the new law, the practice of “harassing someone or disturbing their tranquility” was considered a criminal offense, not a crime, and was punishable by imprisonment from 15 days to two months, or a fine.
The penalty of imprisonment will be increased by half if the crime is committed:
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