The United States announced on Wednesday (7) the resumption of aid to the Palestinians, suspended during the term of former President Donald Trump, with a delivery of US $ 235 million (about R $ 1.3 billion), which disappointed his ally Israel.
The Joe Biden government said that Washington will again make contributions to the United Nations agency that takes care of Palestinian refugees (UNRWA), with a contribution of 150 million dollars.
The Americans will also offer US $ 75 million (R $ 421 million) in economic and development aid to the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, and US $ 10 million (R $ 56 million) for peace efforts.
In a call to the King of Jordan, a former US ally, Biden “said the American government supports a two-state solution to the conflict with the Palestinians,” points out a statement released by the White House.
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“US foreign aid to the Palestinian people serves important American interests and values,” said US Secretary of State Antony Blinken. “It provides critical relief to those most in need, fosters economic development and supports understanding between Israelis and Palestinians, coordination of security and stability.”
Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority, Mohammed Shtayyeh, said the resumption of aid was only a first step.
“We look forward with impatience not only to the resumption of financial aid, but also to the return of political relations with the United States, so that our Palestinian people can fulfill their legitimate rights to create an independent state with Jerusalem as their capital,” said Shtayyeh.
The Palestinian prime minister also called on Washington to “pressure Israel to contain the desire to expand and settle in the occupied territories”.
UN spokesman Stéphane Dujarric said that the world organization “would welcome with great satisfaction” the restoration of American aid.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said that renewing Washington’s support for UNRWA “sends the right signal”.
“Since the challenges did nothing more than increase during the coronavirus era, the US government’s announcement comes at an appropriate time for those affected in that region,” said Maas.
The sum adds up to the $ 15 million previously announced by the Americans for the Palestinians’ fight against Covid-19, amid criticism received by Israel, a leader in vaccinating its citizens, which has not extended its efforts to the occupied territories.
Tel Aviv argues that immunization is the responsibility of the Palestinian Authority and has shown discontent with the American measure.
“I expressed my disappointment and objection to the decision to renew UNRWA funding without being certain that certain reforms, including ending the incitement and removing anti-Semitic content from its school curriculum, are being implemented,” said Ambassador Gilad Erdan.
UNRWA has already had the United States as the main donor, but has faced a deficit since Trump withdrew the contribution in 2018 on the grounds that refugees, some living in camps for generations, should be relocated.
The agency said it saw its needs increase due to Covid and the difficulties faced by Palestinians living in Syria, Lebanon and Jordan.
The Biden government has been reestablishing relations and supporting the Palestinians, but has not announced any peace initiative to resolve the historic conflict.
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